Cyber threat information sharing can help efforts to prevent, detect, and respond to cyber-attacks, according to the HHS Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC) and the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR). Premised on the belief that health system preparedness requires knowledge of up-to-date threat information, the ONC and ASPR issued two funding opportunities to develop an Information Sharing and Analysis Organization (ISAO) for the health care sector.
As the health system becomes digital and health information takes on an increasingly electronic format, cyber threats have become a regular burden for health systems. Despite the growing threat, many components of the health care system lack the technological abilities to identify and protect themselves from cyber threats. Under the Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA) agencies, like HHS, were directed to develop tools that can help with the sharing of cybersecurity threat risks. Prior to the CISA, Executive Order 13691, signed on February 13, 2015, encouraged information sharing related to cyber threats between the government and private sector.
Although some governmental efforts have focused on preparedness, data breaches continue to be a burden for the health care industry. This summer, Banner Health reported a cyberattack potentially affecting the protected health information (PHI) and payment card data of 3.7 million patients. The breach resulted from a hack of Banner’s point-of-sale systems, which may have been connected to its clinical systems. Such a lack of segmentation, may have contributed to the breach. Segmentation is the segregation of a network into areas that limits access to only those people, servers, and applications that need access, as a method of preventing hackers who enter part of a system from gaining complete control. However, the threat of cyber-attack reaches far beyond Banner Health. The scope of cyber threats is readily apparent from HHS’ “wall of shame,” which lists all of the breaches affecting 500 or more people that have been reported to the Office for Civil Rights (OCR).
The idea behind the ISAO is to allow organizations with greater cyber threat knowledge share their understanding with less-equipped organizations. For example, with greater information sharing regarding the risks of segmentation, perhaps the scope of the Banner breach could have been mitigated. HHS hopes by sharing information between HHS and the health care and public health sector, the capacity to better prevent, detect and respond to cyber-attacks will improve. The funding directs an ISAO to:
- provide cybersecurity information and education on cyber threats affecting the healthcare and public health sector,
- expand outreach and education activities to assure that information about cybersecurity awareness is available to the entire healthcare and public health sector,
- equip stakeholders to take action in response to cyber threat information, and
- facilitate information sharing widely within the healthcare and public health sector regardless of the size of the organization.
HHS hopes its combined funding opportunities—$250,000 that can be renewed for up to five years—will help spread cyber threat information among industry stakeholders and federal partners.