Kusserow on Compliance: Choosing a location for investigation interviews

Regardless of whether you are conducting a debriefing of a complainant, interviewing a witness, or confronting a subject in an interrogation, determining the location and setting of the interview is important. The objective is to create privacy and eliminate any possible interruptions or distractions. It should be conducted away from any traffic or other distracting influences, or where others may observe or overhear what is occurring. Interviewing someone in their own office should be avoided in that it invites interruptions or reasons why the person may turn their attention to some other matter. It also gives the interviewee the advantage of being on their “own turf.” By interviewing someone away from their own area, the investigator receives an advantage. The following are some additional tips and considerations in deciding upon the interview location and setting:

1. Privacy. Fewer the people in the room, the better the results
2. Quiet. Don’t want external sounds or outsiders to hear
3. Room Size. Small enough to convey intimacy
4. Well Lighted. Permits closer observation of individual
5. Plain. Avoid distractions (e.g. window, pictures, wall clocks, etc.)
6. Telephone. Shut if off to avoid incoming calls/messages
7. Furniture. Avoid having furniture in between (barrier to rapport)
8. Seating. Interviewer should sit directly across from interviewee
9. Positioning. Avoid the person being able to look out a window and not at you

It is recognized that there are practical constraints that may necessitate compromise on these considerations. Also, most interviews will be persons who are witnesses or who otherwise provide limited information. As such, many of these tips may not be necessary. However, if the person to be interviewed is the subject of the investigation, applying these principles become important elements to successful outcomes.


Richard P. Kusserow served as DHHS Inspector General for 11 years. He currently is CEO of Strategic Management Services, LLC (SM), a firm that has assisted more than 3,000 organizations and entities with compliance related matters. The SM sister company, CRC, provides a wide range of compliance tools including sanction-screening.

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Copyright © 2019 Strategic Management Services, LLC. Published with permission.