Health spending growth remained slow in 2013, with faster growth on the horizon due to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s (ACA) (P.L. 111-148) coverage expansion, economic growth and an aging population according to the CMS Office of the Actuary in a report published by Health Affairs on September 3, 2014. Sequestration, sluggish economic recovery and increases in private health insurance cost-sharing requirements attributed to the slow growth of 3.6 percent for health spending in 2013. Overall, in 2013 health care expenditures sponsored or paid for by the government (federal, state, and local) are expected to have reached $1.3 trillion, which is a 3.2 percent growth, as compared to 3.9 percent growth, or $1.6 trillion seen in spending by business, households and private sources.
Despite the slow growth in 2013, during the study’s full projection period of 2013 to 2023, national health expenditures are projected to increase at an average rate of 5.8 percent a year, which is 1.1 percentage point greater than the average annual growth rate in nominal gross domestic product. This is still slower than the growth rate from 1990 to 2008, which grew 2.0 percentage points faster than the gross domestic product growth. The 2023 projection for government financed health care costs is $2.5 trillion.
In 2013 Medicare spending growth slowed, decelerating from 4.8 percent to 3.3 percent. This is attributed to budget sequestration requirements and other payment adjustments. Growth in spending is projected to increase in 2014, due in large part to the additional nine million Americans who gained insurance through private health insurance plans and Medicaid. Looking ahead to 2015, the national health spending growth is expected to slow to 4.9 percent, due to “significant decelerations in Medicare and Medicaid spending.” Reduced payments to Medicare Advantage, or Medicare Part C plans, will contribute to the deceleration.
Total hospital spending growth is expected to slow from 4.9 percent in 2012 to 4.1 percent in 2013, which equals $918.8 billion. More drastically, Medicare hospital spending has slowed from 4.5 percent to 2.5 percent over the same time frame. The ACA has led to increased use of hospital services which should result in growth acceleration of 4.5 percent in 2014.