CMS has released a notice that its temporary moratorium on the enrollment of ambulance suppliers and home health agencies (HHAs) in designated geographic locations is being extended to combat fraud, waste, and abuse. CMS made the announcement in an advance release that covers metropolitan areas in Florida, Illinois, Michigan, Texas, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Section 6401(a) of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) (P.L. 111-148) provided the HHS Secretary with the authority to impose a temporary moratorium on providers and suppliers in Medicare, Medicaid, or CHIP if it is determined that a moratorium is necessary to “prevent or combat fraud, waste, or abuse” in the programs.
In 2013, CMS imposed moratoriums on the enrollment of new HHAs in Miami-Dade County, Florida and in Cook County, Illinois and their surrounding counties. It also imposed moratoria on Part B ambulance suppliers in Harris County, Texas and its surrounding counties. The moratoriums were extended for another six months in 2014 and expanded to include HHAs located in Broward County, Florida; Dallas County, Texas; Harris County, Texas; and Wayne County, Michigan and their surrounding counties. The ambulance supplier moratoriums were also expanded to include Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and its surrounding counties.
CMS consulted with the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) in identifying two types of providers and suppliers in nine geographic areas that warranted temporary moratoriums. CMS also consulted with appropriate state Medicaid agencies and state departments of emergency medical services and determined that the moratoriums would not create access care issues for Medicaid or CHIP beneficiaries.
Under 42 C.F.R. Sec. 424.570(b), temporary moratoriums will remain in effect for six months, and may be extended in six-month increments. CMS consulted with HHS OIG and determined that there remains a significant potential for fraud, waste, and abuse in the identified geographic areas and the circumstances that warranted the moratoriums have not abated. Additionally, CMS has determined that the moratoriums are needed to allow it to continue to monitor and proceed with administrative actions against providers and suppliers. As a result, CMS is extending the temporary moratoriums for the enrollment of HHAs and ground ambulance suppliers in Medicare, Medicaid, and CHIP.