Since the 2012 establishment of the Leapfrog Group’s Hospital Safety Grade health care rating system, patient safety has improved across the country, including a 21 percent reduction in hospital-acquired conditions (HACs). However, significant patient safety problems persist. For example, over 1000 people are estimated to die each day from preventable errors—the third leading cause of death in the country.
The Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade is the only national health care rating focused on errors, accidents, and infections. The program has assigned letter grades—A, B, C, D, F—to general acute-care hospitals in the U.S. since 2012 based upon national performance measures from CMS, the Leapfrog Hospital Survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the American Hospital Association’s Annual Survey and Health Information Technology Supplement.
A significant area of improvement is the 21 percent reduction in HACs between 2010 and 2015. The positive stride is attributable, in part, to Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) (P.L. 111-148) provisions designed to reduce HACs (see By any measure, national effort to increase health care safety succeeded, Health Law Daily, December 13, 2016). However, the HAC progress is not without its caveats. Estimates of hospital related patient harms put the number of hospital deaths related to preventable errors at over 400,000 per year.
The Leapfrog Group identified other areas of progress, regarding the reduction of medication errors through increased adoption and functionality of computerized physician order entry systems, as well the development of public and private partnerships to reduce HACs.
Five years into the Leapfrog Hospital Safety Grade scoring, 63 out of over 2,600 hospitals have achieved an “A” in every national scoring update. In the most recent rating of 2,369 hospitals, 823 earned an “A,” 706 earned a “B,” 933 earned a “C,” 167 earned a “D” and 10 earned an “F”. The five states with the highest percentage of “A” hospitals were Maine, Hawaii, Oregon, Wisconsin and Idaho.